DuChâteau® hardwood flooring is available in two primary grades to create smooth, modern floors as in our Select Grade woods, or a more antiqued, old-world floor as seen in our Aged Character woods.
Select Grade. Our select grade wood keeps to a smooth, even modern surface without all the distressing typically associated with our aged character grade wood. This floor grade offers greater uniformity in the wood’s grain and minimizes variation between planks.
Aged Character. Our aged character grade wood highlights the wood’s natural free-forming grain patterns, knots and cracks reminiscent of an old world floor.
Distressing. To give a new floor the look and character of a vintage floor, while still maintaining a uniform installation fit, we distress the floor. The most commonly used method is hand scraping, whereby a metal edge removes the surface layer of wood to give it greater texture. DuChâteau takes hand scraping to the next level with hand sculpting – a process that creates a more natural distressing around raised knots; thus, enhancing the wood’s organic contours.
Smoking. When smoking a floor, the tannins in the wood reacts to the burn, thereby giving the floor a darker, grey; exactly how deep a color is desired determines the duration of this treatment. Since not every piece of wood in a floor will contain the same amount of tannins, one section could appear darker than others. The result is an authentic, rustic floor with greater color variation.
Brushing. For a floor with extra accentuation, we wire-brush our floors. Brushing removes the soft wood from the floor and further brings out its texture. This makes the floor even more durable and impact resistant. Any minor scratches and “imperfections” over the years as a result become less apparent and give way to that unique and characteristic appearance for which many of customers yearn.
Carbonization. To further simulate the extremes of nature, we utilize a process known as carbonization, which is a process that exposes the wood to extreme heat and freezing temperatures. These fluctuations strengthened the wood, while brilliantly aging its appearance.
What makes DuChâteau Floors so unique is the inherent variation in the wood. Variation refers to the color gradients that naturally occur in wood. Depending on the product, we can produce a floor that has minimal variation in the finish; thus, the floor’s coloring is more uniform from plank to plank. However, we can also produce a floor that has a great deal of variation in the finish, which means that the color moves from light to dark gradients from plank to plank.
DuChâteau Floors feature a variety of textures that highlight the natural contouring of wood as well as the milling process itself. Our current surface treatments include:
- Smooth with chiseled bevel
- Smooth with micro-bevel
- Wire-brush with micro-bevel
- Wire-brush with chiseled bevel
- Hand-sculpted with pillowed bevel
- Pronounced wire-brush
- Cross-grain sawn with micro-bevel
- Hand-sculpted with pronounced wire-brush
- Hand-scraped with wire-brush
- Hand-scraped with pillowed bevel
- Split face reclaimed*
*Note: Simulated reclaimed look; not actual reclaimed wood.
Hard-Wax Oil Finish
In contrast to the typical high-gloss polyurethane finishes, all DuChâteau Floors are finished with hard-wax oil, which offer a much more subtle matte quality that gives the floor it remarkably natural look and feel. Our hard-wax oil is an all-natural, non-pollutant, non-toxic finish that is VOC-free without the use of biocides, preservatives and benzene. Made from purified, renewable natural resources, like vegetable oil and natural waxes, this finish has the most environmentally friendly benefits and contributes to a healthy living environment. This also give it an open grain structure that allows the floor to breathe, which provides a regulatory effect on moisture, ensuring a healthy room climate.
Did you know that an oak tree takes hundreds of years of growth before it can be lumbered, processed and milled to produce a solid wood floor among other things, and yet other fast-growing trees, like spruce, pine, fir, birch or poplar need only decades. Current consumption trends, however, do not lend themselves to such long periods of growth; thus, we cannot rely so heavily on these slow growth species. At DuChâteau Floors, we believe in eliminating the traditional waste associated with solid wood floor production of slow growth species, while still finding a way to showcase their incredible beauty. To do this, we use a mixture of woods to create a much more advanced flooring option – the engineered floor.
Unlike a solid wood floor, an engineered (multi-ply) floor consists of at least two types of different wood products adhered together. This means that the top layer (what you see when installed) can be a highly desired species of wood, like oak, while the bottom substrate layer (what you don’t see when installed) can be those fast-growing tree species. Manufacturing floors in this way allows us to more sustainably harvest trees and produce more high quality floors with the same robust and luxurious feeling of solid wood flooring within the thickness of that top layer. When installed properly, an engineered floor is virtually indistinguishable from a solid floor – the very same look and feel with the added stability in a far more environmentally-conscious way.